Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Chemistry, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

Abstract

Phenanthro[9, 10-d]imidazole derivatives were synthesized with the combinations of phenanthroquinone and benzealdehyde derivatives in the presence of ammonium acetate. The microwave-assisted protocol was investigated under solvent-free condition for 2 min (400 w). The structure of all products was studied by IR and 1HNMR Spectroscopy. Excellent yields, short reaction times, simplicity of operation and easy separation are the advantages of this technique.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

[1]. (a) Joule J.A., Mills K., Heterocyclic Chemistry. 5th ed., John Wiley & Sons: Chichester; 2010, p 455 (b) Heravi M., Hamidi H., Karimi N., Amouchi A., Adv. J. Chem. A., 2018, 1:1(c) Khan M., Parmar D., Bhatt H. Asian J. Green Chem.,     2019, in press (d) Sajjadifar  S., Arzehgar  Z., Ghayuri A., J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 2018, 65:205

[2]. Zhang L., Peng X.M., Damu G.L.V., R.X. Geng, Zhou C.H. Med. Res. Rev. 2014, 34: 340

[3]. Wittine K., Stipkovic Babic M., Makuc D., Plavec J., Kraljevic S., Sedic M., Paveli K., Leyssen Neyts P.J., Balzarini Mintas J.M. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2012, 20: 3675

[4]. Rehman S., Ikram M., Rehman S., Faiz A. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24: 201

[5]. Mohammadi M.K.,  Firuzi O., Khoshneviszadeh M., Razzaghi-Asl N., Sepehri S., Miri R. DARU J. Pharmaceutical Sci., 2014, 22: 2

[6]. Shelke K.F., Suryakant B., Gopal K., Bapurao B., Murlidhar S. Green chem. Lett. Rev., 2010, 3: 27

[7]. Deng, X., Zhou Z., Zhang A., Xie G. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2013, 39: 1101

[8]. Banothu J., Gali R., Velpula R., Bavantula R. Arabian J. Chem., 2017, 10: S2754

[9]. Mirjalili B.F., Bamoniri A., Mirhoseini M.A. Sci. Iran., 2013, 20: 587

[10]. Safari J., Dehghan Khalili Sh., Banitaba S.H. Synth. Commun., 2011, 41: 2359

[11]. Gorsd M., Sathicq G., Romanelli G., Pizzio L., Blanco M. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 2016, 420: 294

[12]. Kolvari E., Koukabi N., Hosseini M.M. Perlite: J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 2015, 397: 68

[13]. Mohammadi Ziarani Gh., Tavaf E., Fathi Vavsari V., Badiei A. Acta Chim. Slov., 2017, 64:701

[14]. Niralwad K.S., Shingate B.B., Shingare M.S. J. Heterocycl. Chem., 2011, 48: 742

[15]. Rajanarendar E., Murthy K.R., Nagi Reddy M. Indian J. Chem., 2011, 50B: 926

[16]. Alikarami M., Amozad M. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2017, 31: 177

[17]. Behmadi H., Roshani M., Saadati S.M., Chin. Chem. Lett., 2009, 20: 5

[18]. (a) Thostenson E., ChouT. Composites, 1999, 30: 1055 (b) Nain S., Singh R., Ravichandran S. ., Adv. J. Chem. A., 2019, 2:94 (c) Taghavi Fardood, S., Ramazani, A., Azimzadeh Asiabi, P., Bigdeli Fard, Y., Ebadzadeha, B. Asian J. Green Chem.,     2017, 1:34

[19]. JonesD., Lelyveld T. Resourc, Conserv and Recycl., 2002, 34:75

[20]. Nain S., Singh R., Ravichandran S. Adv. J. Chem. A., 2019, 2: 94