Document Type: Review Article

Author

Department of Pharmacy, GRD (PG) IMT, Dehradun, (Uttarakhand), 248009, India.

Abstract

The fluoroquinolones-levofloxacin, moxifloxacin and gatifloxacin have potent bactericidal activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. They have the potential activity in managing both drug-susceptible and drug-resistant tuberculosis as well as the possibility of shortening the period of therapy. The emergence of drug-resistance, fluoroquinolone-resistant, multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis created a challenge to control the tuberculosis globally. The newer fluoroquinolones have clinical efficacy in some of the patients. So, it is needed the utility of new fluoroquinolone drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

References

  1. L. Fattorini, D. Tan, E. Iona, M. Mattei, F. Giannoni, L. Brunori, S. Recchia, G. Orefici, Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2003, 47:360
  2. M. Asif, Orien Pharm &Experi Med., 2012, 12, 15.
  3. M.A.Asif, Mini. Rev. Med. Chem., 2012, 12:1404
  4. S. Moadebi, C.K. Harder, M.J. Fitzerald, K.R. Elwood, F. Marra, Drugs 2007, 67:2077
  5. M. Asif, A.A Siddiqui, A. Husain, Med. Chem. Res., 2013, 22:1029
  6. W.W. Yew, C.K. Chan, C.H. Chau, C.M. Tam, C.C. Leung, P.C. Wong, J. Lee, J. Chest., 2000, 117: 744
  7. K. Tahaog ̆lu, T.  Törün, T.  Sevim, G. Ataç, A. Kir, L. Karasulu, I. Ozmen, N. Kapakli, N. Engl. J. Med., 2001, 345:170
  8. V. Leimane, V. Riekstina, T.H. Holtz, E. Zarovska, V. Skripconoka, L.E. Thorpe, K.F. Laserson, C.D. Wells, Lancet, 2005, 365:318
  9. C.Y. Chiang, D.A. Enarson, M.C. Yu, K.J. Bai, R.M. Huang, C.J. Hsu, J. Suo, T.P. Lin, Eur. Respir. J., 2006, 28:980

10. E.D. Chan, V. Laurel, M.J. Strand, J.F. Chan, M.L. Huynh, M. Goble, M.D. Ise-man, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2004, 169:1103

11. A. Van Deun, A.K. Maug, M.A. Salim, P.K.  Das, M.R. Sarker, P. Daru, H.L.  Rieder, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2010 May 4; [Epub ahead of print].

12. A. Van Deun, M.A. Salim, A.P.  Das, I. Bastian, F. Portaels, Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis., 2004, 8:560

13. N. Lounis, N. Veziris, A. Chauffour, C.  Truffot-Pernot, K. Andries, V. Jarlier, Antimicrob Agents Che-mother, 2006, 50:3543

14. L.R. Codecasa, G. Ferrara, M. Ferrarese, M.A. Morandi, V. Penati, C.  Lacchini, P. Vaccarino, G.B. Migliori, Respir Med., 2006, 100:1566

15. G. Valerio, P. Bracciale, V. Manisco, M. Quitadamo, G. Legari, S. Bel-lanova, J. Chemother., 2003, 15:66

16. E.W. Orenstein, S. Basu, N.S. Shah, J.R.  Andrews, G.H. Friedland, A.P. Moll, N.R. Gandhi, A.P. Galvani, Lancet Infect. Dis., 2009, 9:153

17. J.Y. Wang, L.N. Lee, H.C. Lai, S.K. Wang, I.S. Jan, C.J. Yu, P.R. Hsueh, P.C. Yang, J.  Antimicrob Chemother, 2007,59: 860

18. J.A. Caminero, Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis., 2008, 12:869

19. R.A. Devasia, A Blackman,T  Gebret-sadik, M Griffin, A Shintani, C May, T Smith, N Hooper, F Maruri, J Warkentin, E Mitchel, TR Sterling, Am J  Respir Crit Care Med., 2009, 180: 365

20. G.B. Migliori, C. Lange, R. Centis,  G. Sotgiu, R. Mütterlein, H. Hoffmann, K. Kliiman, G. De Iaco, F.N. Lauria, M.D. Richardson, A. Spanevello, D.M. Cirillo, Eur. Respir J., 2008, 31:1155

21. H.R. Kim, S.S. Hwang, H.J. Kim, S.M. Lee, C.G. Yoo, Y.W.  Kim, S.K. Han, Y.S. Shim, J.J. Yim, Clin. Infect. Dis., 2007, 45:1290

22. D.H. Kim, H.J. Kim, S.K. Park, S.J. Kong, Y.S. Kim, T.H. Kim, E.K. Kim, K.M. Lee, S.S. Lee, J.S. Park, W.J. Koh, C.H. Lee, T.S. Shim, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2010, 182:113

23. L. Richeldi, M. Covi, G. Ferrara, F. Franco, P. Vailati, E. Meschiari, L.M. Fabbri, G. Velluti, Monaldi Arch Chest Dis., 2002, 57:39

24. W.W. Yew, C.K. Chan, C.C. Leung, C.H. Chau, C.M. Tam, P.C. Wong, Lee.  J. Chest.,  2003, 124:1476

25. C. Piersimoni, C. Lacchini, V. Penati, E. Iona, L. Fattorini, D. Nista, D. Zallocco, G.P. Gesu, L. Codecasa,  Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis., 2007, 57:283

26. R.A. Devasia, A. Blackman, C. May, S. Eden, T. Smith, N. Hooper, F. Maruri, C. Stratton, A. Shintani, T.R. Sterling, J. Antimicrob Chemother., 2009, 63:1173

27. J.C. Rodríguez, L. Cebrián, M. López, M. Ruiz, I. Jiménez, G. Royo, J. Antimicrob Che-mother., 2004, 53:441

28. T. Gumbo, A. Louie, M.R. Deziel, L.M. Parsons, M. Salfinger, G.L. Drusano, In-fect Dis., 2004, 190:1642

29. K.R. Jacobson, D.B. Tierney, C.Y. Jeon, C.D. Mitnick, M.B. Murray, Clin. Infect. Dis., 2010, 51:6

30. J.J. Saukkonen, D.L. Cohn, R.M. Jasmer, S. Schenker, J.A. Jereb, C.M. Nolan, C.A. Peloquin, F.M. Gordin,  D. Nunes, D.B. Strader, J. Bernardo, R. Venkataramanan, T.R.  Sterling, Am. J.  Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2006, 174:935

31. S. Saigal, S.R. Agarwal, H.P. Nandeesh, S.K. Sarin, J. Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2001, 16:1028

32. A. Szklo, F.C. Mello, R.L. Guerra,  S.E. Dorman, G.R. Muzy-de-Souza, M.B. Conde, Int. J. Tuberc Lung Dis., 2007, 11:775

33. C.C. Ho, Y.C. Chen, F.C. Hu, C.J. Yu, P.C. Yang, K.T. Luh, Clin. Infect. Dis., 2009, 48:1526

34. X.F. Zhang, Y. Lv, W.J. Xue, B. Wang, C. Liu, P.X. Tian, L. Yu, X.Y. Chen, X.M. Liu, Transplant  Proc., 2008, 40:1382

35. S. Bonora, A. Mondo, L. Trentini, A. Calcagno, A. Lucchini, G. Di Perri, J. Infect.,  2008, 57:78

36. Y. Shishido, N. Nagayama, K. Masuda, M. Baba, A. Tamura, H. Nagai,  S. Akagawa, Y. Kawabe, K. Machida, A. Kurashima, H. Komatsu, H. Yotsumoto, Kek-kaku, 2003, 78:683

37. T. Onoda, K. Murakami, R. Eda,  A. Hiraki, K. Makihata, K. Takao, K. Aoe, T. Maeda, H. Takeyama, Kekkaku2003, 78:491

38. H. Amano, M. Takamori, A. Fujita, K. Sakashita, K. Murata, M. Miyamoto, A. Wada, Kekkaku, 2009, 84:591

39. W.W. Yew, J. Lee, Chest, 1992, 101:1741

40. E.L. Nuermberger, T. Yoshimatsu,  S. Tyagi, R.J. O'Brien, A.N. Vernon, R.E. Chaisson, W.R. Bishai, J.H. Grosset, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care  Med., 2004, 169:421

41. E.L. Nuermberger, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Tyagi, K. Williams, I. Rosenthal, R.J. O'Brien, A.A. Vernon, R.E. Chaisson, W.R. Bishai, J.H. Grosset, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2004, 170:1131

42. Tuberculosis Research Centre (Indian Council of Medical Re-search). Indian J Tuberc 2002, 49: 27–38.

43. W.J. Burman, S. Goldberg, J.L. Johnson, G. Muzanye, M. Engle, A.W. Mosher, S. Choudhri, C.L. Daley, S.S. Munsiff, Z. Zhao, A. Vernon, R.E. Chaisson, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2006, 174:331.

44. R. Rustomjee, C. Lienhardt, T. Kanyok, G.R. Davies, J. Levin, T. Mthiyane, C. Reddy, A.W. Sturm, F.A. Sirgel, J. Allen, D.J. Coleman, B. Fourie, D.A. Mitchison, Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis., 2008, 12:128

45. M.B. Conde, A. Efron, C. Loredo, G.R. De  Souza, N.P. Graça, M.C. Cezar, M. Ram, M.A. Chaudhary, W.R. Bishai, A.L. Kritski, R.E. Chaisson, Lancet, 2009, 373:1183

46. S.E. Dorman, J.L. Johnson, S. Goldberg, G. Muzanye, N. Padayatchi, L. Bozeman, C.M. Heilig, J. Bernardo, S. Choudhri, J.H. Grosset, E. Guy  , P. Guyadeen, M.C. Leus, G. Maltas  , D. Menzies, E.L. Nuermberger,  M. Villarino, A .Vernon, R.E. Chaisson, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.,  2009, 180:273

47. J.Y. Wang, J.T. Wang, T.H. Tsai, C.L. Hsu, C.J. Yu, P.R. Hsueh, L.N. Lee,  P.C. Yang, Int. J. Tuberc Lung Dis., 2010, 14:65

48. R.D. Gosling, L.O. Uiso, N.E. Sam, E. Bongard, E.G. Kanduma, M. Nyindo, R.W. Morris, S.H. Gillespie J, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2003, 168:1342

49. J.L. Johnson, D.J. Hadad, W.H. Boom, C.L. Daley, C.A. Peloquin,  K.D. Eisenach, D.D. Jankus, S.M. Debanne, E.D. Charlebois, E. Maciel, M. Palaci, R. Dietze, Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis.,  2006, 10: 605+-

50. I.M. Rosenthal, K. Williams, S. Tyagi, A.A. Vernon, C.A. Peloquin, W.R. Bishai, J.H. Grosset, E.L. 1`     +WQ123Nuermberger  , Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care  Med., 2005, 172: 1457

51. I.M. Rosenthal, M. Zhang, K.N. Williams, C.A. Peloquin, S. Tyagi, A.A. Vernon, W.R. Bishai, R.E. Chaisson, J.H. Grosset, E.L. Nuermberger,  PLoS  Med., 2007, 4: e344.

52. F. Marra, C.A. Marra, S. Moadebi, P. Shi, R.K. Elwood, G. Stark, J.M. FitzGerald, Chest., 2005, 128: 1406

53. W.W. Yew, C.H. Chau , J. Lee , Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis., 2002, 6: 1132.

54. K.C. Chang, C.C. Leung, W.W. Yew, F.M. Lam, P.L. Ho, C.H. Chau, V.C. Cheng, K.Y. Yuen, Int. J. Tuberc .Lung Dis., 2009, 13:341

55. C. Carbon, Chemotherapy, 2001, 47: 9

56. J. Morganroth, J.P. Dimarco, A. Anzue-to, M.S. Niederman, S. Choudhri, Chest., 2005, 128: 3398

57. P.B. Iannini, Expert. Opin. Drug. Saf., 2002, 1:121

58. L.Y. Park-Wyllie, D.N. Juurlink, A. Kopp, B.R. Shah, T.A. Stukel, C. Stumpo, L. Dresser, D.E. Low, M.M. Mamdani, N. Engl. J. Med., 2006, 354: 1352

59. D. Agrawal, Z.F. Udwadia, C. Rodri-guez, A. Mehta. Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis., 2009, 13:79

60. K.C. Chang, C.C. Leung, W.W. Yew, T.Y. Lau, W.M. Leung, C.M. Tam, H.C. Lam, P.S. Tse, M.Y. Wong, S.N. Lee, K.I. Wat, Y.H. Ma, Eur. Respir. J., 2010, 35:606

61. H.M. Nijland, R. Ruslami, A.J. Suroto, D.M. Burger, B. Alisjahbana, R. van Crevel, R.E. Aarnoutse, Clin. Infect. Dis., 2007, 45:1001

62. H. McIlleron, J. Norman, T.P. Kanyok, P.B. Fourie, J. Horton, P.J. Smith,  Antimicrob Chemother, 2007, 60:1398

63. M. Asif, J. Chem. Rev., 2019, 1:47.

64. S. Sajjadifar, H. Hamidi, K. Pal, J. Chem. Rev., 2019, 1:35.

65. E.R. Nezhad, S. Sajjadifar, Z. Abbasi, S. Rezayati, Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, 2014, 25:127.

66. D.F. Latona, Adv. J. Chem. A, 2019, 2:225.

67. W.E. John, A.A. Ayi, C. Anyama, P.B. Ashishie, B.E. Inah, Adv. J. Chem. A, 2019, 2:175.