Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Medical Sciences, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

Abstract

According to the world health organization (WHO), approximately one-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is at risk of contracting tuberculosis. About 9 million people are infected with active tuberculosis each year, and 3 million die from the disease. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment at the beginning of tuberculosis play an essential role on controlling this disease. Delays in diagnosis and treatment may worsen the disease, increasing the risk of mortality, and transmission within the community. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting the delay in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis in Qom province, Iran. This work was an observational cross-sectional observational study with available sampling. The findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 24. The results demonstrated that the mean time of diagnosis in Qom province was longer compared with that of the other similar studies. The mean time of delay in referring patients are to medical centers was only significantly related to gender (female) (p = 0.8). Non-Iranian nationality, negative smear, extra pulmonary tuberculosis, body mass index more than 25. Also it was found that, improving the knowledge of health center staff about the diagnosis and increasing the public awareness regarding the symptoms of tuberculosis can play a significant role in reducing the time of diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis.

Graphical Abstract

Factors Affecting Delay in Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary and Extra pulmonary Tuberculosis in Qom Province during the 2011-2017

Keywords

Main Subjects

[1].  Raziani Y., Raziani S., Int. j. adv. stud. humanit. soc. sci., 2020, 9:262

[2].  Raziani Y., Raziani S., J. Chem. Rev., 2020, 3:83

[3].  Mohamadi G., Kavosi A., Raziani Y., Parvinian Nasab A.M., J. Neyshabur Univ. Med. Sci., 2014, 2:10

[4].  Mafi A., Yousefi Behlooli Ahmadi M., J. Geogr. Reg. Plann., 2009, 7:321

[5].  Samimi A., Zarinabadi S., Shahbazi Kootenaei AH., Azimi A., Mirzaei M., S. Afr. J. Chem. Eng., 2020, 31:44

[6].  Jeon C.Y., Murray M.B., PLoS Med. 2008, 5:e152.

[7].  Jiménez-Corona M.E., Cruz-Hervert L.P., García-García L., Ferreyra-Reyes L., Delgado-Sánchez G., Bobadilla-del-Valle M., Canizales-Quintero S., Ferreira-Guerrero E., Báez-Saldaña R., Téllez-Vázquez N., Montero-Campos R. Thorax, 2013, 68:214

[8].  Charati J.Y., Kazemnegad A., Tanaffos, 2010, 9:15

[9].  Hammoudi D., Sanyaolu A., Adofo D., Antoine I., GMJ Med., 2020, 1:.1

[10].   Mohammadbeigi A., Bakhtiari M., Dalirian S., Mokhtari M., Jadidi R., Koomesh, 2016, 17: Pe966

[11].   Nasehi M., Mirhaghani L., National tuberculosis control guide. Tehran: Andishmand Publisher: 2009

[12].   Gholami A., Moosavi L,m J. Urmia Nurs. Midwifery Fac., 2010, 8:83

[13].   Lonnroth K., Raviglione M., Semin. Respir. Crit. Care. Med., 2008, 29:481

[14].   Baker M.A., Harries A.D., Jeon C.Y., Hart J.E., Kapur A., Lönnroth K., Ottmani S.E., Goonesekera S.D., Murray M.B., BMC Med., 2011, 9:81

[15].   Jimenez-Corona M.E., Cruz-Hervert L.P., GarciaGarcia L., Ferreyra-Reyes L., Delgado-Sanchez G., Bobadilla-Del-Valle M., Canizales-Quintero S., Ferreira-Guerrero E., Báez-Saldaña R., Téllez-Vázquez N., Montero-Campos R., Thorax, 2013, 68:214

[16].   Waitt C.J., Squire S.B., Int. J. Tuberc. Lung. Dis., 2011, 15:871

[17].   Mesbahzadeh B., Garmsiri M., Jalalvand F., Shojaie L., Kakar M., GMJ Med., 2020, 1:7

[18].     Tabibzadeh Dezfuli S., Ehsani M., Lakzaei Azar O., GMJ Med., 2020, 1:13

[19].   Sedighi S., Nasiri B., Alipoor R., Moradi-Kor N., GMJ Med., 2020, 1: 19

[20].   Khazaei S., Kousehlou Z., Karami M., Zahiri A., Bathaei J., Iran. J. Epidemiology,2013, 9:32

[21].   Pajankar S., Khandekar R., Al Amri M.A., Al Lawati M.R., Oman Med. J., 2008, 23:263

[22].   Wondimu T., Kassahun W., Getachew S., Ethiop. J. Health Dev., 2007, 21:148

[23].   Zerbini E., Chirico M.C., Salvadores B., Amigot B., Estrada S., Algorry G., Int. J. Tuberc. Lung. Dis., 2008, 12:63

[24].      Rezaeetalab F., Akbari H., Rezaeetalab G.H., Med. J. Mashhad Univ. Med. Sci., 2009, 99:37